The project will prepare new molecular machines and nanocapsules which are based on [N-I+-N] halogen bond. The prepared molecular machines (catenanes and rotaxanes) and nanocapsules have, as their construction units, highly reactive iodonium ions.
These iodonium ions are efficient reagents in organic synthesis, thus combining the machine-like behaviour or the confined space inside the capsules, new chemical reactions are possible or the old reactions can be controlled in a new way. The structures and reactivities of the new molecular machines and nanocapsules will be studied using the most modern structural and synthetic chemistry techniques. The proposed research will pave way to a completely new research area with Supramolecular chemistry, namely Haloniumsupramolecular Chemistry.