Air pollution is globally the world’s largest single environmental health risk, and a substantial part of the population also suffers from allergic diseases caused by pollen. We will assess the relations between atmospheric composition (air quality and allergenic pollen), weather, and mortality and morbidity. The assessments will be done both on global and urban scales. We will use a previously produced long-term, global dataset with pollutant concentrations for 35 years. The project also uses an extensive health-related study of approximately 100 cities in 14 countries.
A focal point of the study is the impacts associated with the atmospheric emissions originated from shipping. We will conduct a global assessment of the effects of exposure to ship emissions on mortality, globally and in the selected major 14 coastal target cities. We will also analyse scenarios for the future, assuming new emission control areas. The information will be important also for political decision-making.