Finlands Akademi
Namn Jensen-Eriksen, Niklas
Organisation HY
Projektets titel European Integration and Transnational Pulp and Paper Cartels: The Transformation of Threatened Private Economic Institutions
Beslutnr 258001
Beslutsdatum 27.04.2012
Finansieringsperiod 01.09.2012 - 31.08.2017
Finansiering 407 272
WebFOCUS Report
Beskrivning av projektet
During the late 20th century, the European Economic Community, its successor the European Union, and many national governments introduced tough competition policies. Industrialists had traditionally been eager to limit competition by setting up cartels, but in the new integrated Europe these alliances could no longer operate legally. What happened to them? We have sought an answer to this question by looking at pulp and paper industry, which had traditionally been very cartelized and where there are particularly rich sources on collusive practices. We concluded that many cartels were able to adapt to the new situation by developing forms of cooperation, which were either legal or less easy to detect. In the end, however, the consolidation of industry made cartels less useful than before. Competition authorities also developed new methods of undermining trust between the members of cartels. This made it easier to break them up.